Branch Description

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY BRANCH

Organic chemistry involves the study of the structure, properties, and preparation of chemical compounds, consist primarily of carbon and hydrogen, such as fuels, plastics, food additives, and drugs. An opposite of inorganic chemistry that focuses on non-living matter and non-carbon based substances, organic chemistry deals with the study of carbon and the chemicals in living organisms.

An example is the process of photosynthesis in a leaf because there is a change in the chemical composition of the living plant.

Organic chemists are often the ones who devise experimental methods to isolate or synthesize new materials, or to study their properties, and usually work and research in a lab. Some examples on the work they do include formulating a conditioner that keeps hair softer, developing a better drug for headaches and creating a non-toxic home cleaning product.

The branches of organic chemistry involve many different disciplines including the study of ketones, aldehydes, hydrocarbons (alkenes, alkanes, alkynes) and alcohols.

  • Medicinal chemistry: the design, development, and synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs. It overlaps with pharmacology and bioanalytical chemistry.
  • Organo-metallic chemistry: the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal.
  • Polymer chemistry: the study of the composition and creation of polymer molecules.
  • Physical organic chemistry: the study of the interrelationships between structure and reactivity in organic molecules.
  • Stereo-chemistry: the study of the spatial arrangements of atoms in molecules and their effects on the chemical and physical properties of substances.

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